martes, 6 de enero de 2015

"IT'S TIME TO RESET U.S.-MEXICO RELATIONS: The current U.S. strategy has failed" (Politico, January 6th, 2015)

John M. Ackerman

Mexico’s President Enrique Peña Nieto makes his first state visit to the White House this week. This meeting offers a golden opportunity to start cleaning up the blood which today stains US-Mexico relations. Since taking office, President Barack Obama has treaded water in the bilateral relationship and become increasingly implicated with terrible human rights violations in the process. It is time to end this vicious cycle and mark out a new path for peace and prosperity in North America.

The present situation is unsustainable. Violence, crime, corruption and conflicts of interest are out of control. The September 26 assassination of four and mass abduction of 42 student activists from the Ayotzinapa teachers college by police in Iguala, Guerrero is only the tip of the iceberg. Over 100,000 people have been violently executed and 20,000 people disappeared since 2007. Over the same period, dozens of journalists and human rights activists have been murdered. Freedom of speech and association are also under constant attack, with arbitrary detentions of activists skyrocketing since Peña Nieto took power on December 1st, 2012.

It is time to face the facts and recognize that the Merida Initiative has failed. This binational project was announced on October 22nd, 2007 by former presidents George W. Bush and Felipe Calderón. Its objective was to “fight organized crime and associated violence while furthering respect for human rights and the rule of law” in Mexico. Today, seven years, two presidents and almost $3 billion later, Mexico is more unsafe, chaotic and authoritarian than before.

In order to blaze a new path we first need to clear up some common misperceptions.

First, Mexico is not a failed state. To the contrary, it stands out as one of the Latin American countries with the most powerful and best-funded public institutions. The country has significantly strengthened its congress, judiciary, state governments and a series of specialized independent agencies in recent years. Mexico is also the 14th largest economy in the world and a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)...